Friday, December 27, 2019

Behaviorism, Constructivism, And Cognitivism - 1691 Words

A. Behaviorism, Constructivism, and Cognitivism There are three approaches to learning that I will discuss in this section they are behaviorism, constructivism, and cognitivism. Behaviorism is a learning theory based on the idea that any behavior can be learned through conditioning as long as the conditioning is done the right way. There are two types of conditioning. The first type is classic conditioning. This type of conditioning is where a subject is provided a stimuli and based off of the stimuli the subject learns a specific behavior which in turn becomes the conditioned response to the stimuli. The second type of conditioning is operant conditioning which is reinforcement and punishment. This type of conditioning requires a†¦show more content†¦There are four stages of cognitivism. The first stage is from ages birth to two years old, one discovers the world through their senses. The second stage is from two to seven, one develops language and skills and their main focus is on self. The third stage is from ages seven to twelve, one starts to see the world and how it relates to others not just themselves. One also starts developing the ability to think logically and critically which allows one to see things and interpret things how they really are. The fourth stage is from year twelve throughout the rest of one’s life. In the fourth stage one develops cognitively logical and abstract thinking, which allows one to analyze things logically and draw logical conclusions in an abstract way. A1. Support There are several examples I could provide for each of the three learning theories discussed in the above section. The first example is in support of the behaviorism learning theory. At the beginning of each school year, I establish procedures with all of my classes. This creates an optimal learning environment for all students to allow for the greatest amount of success. Each student is then conditioned to follow each of the established procedures the same way through practicing over and over again with a reward, if students carryout the procedure correctly. If the students do not follow the procedures correctly, there is aShow MoreRelated Behaviorism, Constructivism, and Cognitivism: Multiple Approaches To Learning2092 Words   |  9 PagesA. Behaviorism, constructivism and cognitivism are relatively common theories used in the classroom as ways to approach student learning. Behaviorism focuses on observable behavior, such as students answering questions correctly, or being able to follow directions to complete a task as instructed. Characteristics of a classroom that uses behaviorism might be memorization of facts, writing vocabulary words, or a token reward system to inspire the desired behavior and decrease undesired behaviorsRead MoreLearning Theories, Behaviorism, Constructivism, Cognitivism And E Learning1546 Words   |  7 PagesThe point of this paper is to detail the three commonly used learning theories (Behaviorism, Cognitivism and Constructivism) on online courses. The description of the implication of these learning theories can add to the procedure of learning for the learner. Online learning has developed quickly in the previous couple of years in schools obliging educators to learn compelling approaches to fabricate online groups of learners. There are obstructions to avoid and key segments to incorporate, whileRead MoreLearning And Its Implications For Education Essay1271 Words   |  6 Pageshow understanding, or a worldview, is ac quired or changed and knowledge and skills retained.† There are many different versions and theories on learning. Some of the more common learning theories include behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism. The first theory is behaviorism. Behaviorism is where individuals believe that learning is conducted by outward change through behavior. According to Nemade (2007) he states, â€Å"To the behaviorist, human behavior has nothing to do with internal unconsciousRead MoreLearning Theories Provide Instructional Designers With Instructional Strategies And Techniques870 Words   |  4 Pagessituation. The specific learning theories in this essay are behaviorism, constructivism and cognitivism. The essay will compare and contrast how learning occurs in each theory, the roles of the teacher and the student, the curriculum and learning goals, and lastly, assessments. Behaviorism focuses on behaviors and not cognitive or abstract activities. It involves thinking, remembering and problem solving. Additionally, behaviorism relies on expressed, measureable behaviors and the repeat stimuliRead MoreLearning Theories : Theory Of Behaviorism1037 Words   |  5 PagesLearning Theories Essay Behaviorism focuses on a new behavioral pattern being repeated until it becomes automatic. The theory of behaviorism concentrates on the study of overt behaviors that can be observed and measured (Good Brophy, 1990). It views the mind as a black box in the sense that response to stimulus can be observed quantitatively, totally ignoring the possibility of thought processes occurring in the mind. Some key players in the development of the behaviorist theory were Pavlov,Read MoreA Reflection On Learning Theories939 Words   |  4 Pagestheories I will reflect on. Behaviorism, constructivism, and cognitivism are relatively common theories used in classrooms as ways to approach student learning. Behaviorism focuses on observable behavior, such as being able to follow two step directions to complete a task. Characteristics of a classroom that uses behaviorism would be a reward system to inspire desired behaviors and decrease undesired behaviors. As I reflect on my classrooms that I go into we do use behaviorism theory. I think thatRead MoreLearning Theories And Their Application816 Words   |  4 Pagesinformation that is acquired, processed, and retained during learning is described by Learning Theory. Simply, learning theory describes how the people learn. There are three main categories in Learning Theories: Behaviorism, Cognitivism, and Constructivism. Behaviorism Behaviorism is a theory of learning which defines that all behaviors are acquired through the interaction with the environment. As stated in the writings of John B. Watson, B. F. Skinner, and others, behavior can be studied throughRead MoreLearning Theories702 Words   |  3 Pagesdifferent learning theories such as behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism have been used to improve learning, performance and class involvement of student. Each of theories has distinctive features based on their individual perspectives of the learning process. In this essay, I will mainly discuss 3 things: 1) the main tenet of behaviorism and constructivism, 2) a comparison between cognitive and constructivism and 3) the implications that constructivism has for the classroom teacher with theRead MoreApplying Learning Theories Of Learning1469 Words   |  6 Pagesphilosophical method. There are four basic theories of learning; those are behaviorism, cognitivism, constructivism, and humanism; this p aper will address these four theories of learning, in addition, we will address principles of learning, schema and scaffolding, adaption, metacognition, and strategies to ensure learning success. The term behaviorism refers to the school of psychology founded by John B. Watson. Behaviorism theory is based on the idea that behaviors can be measured, trained, and changedRead MoreHow Elearning Theory Has Influenced Recent De Practice829 Words   |  4 Pageslearning theories such as behaviorism, cognitivism, constructivism, and the online collaborative theory, have all played a major role in this influence. These theories continue to change how educators teach. It also helps educators to understand how students learn. As eLearning theories progress, they continue to have a direct effect on distance education practice. ELearning theory has cause a shift in teaching pedagogies within distance education. Behaviorism Behaviorism was the first learning theory

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